November 4, 2015
The main reason for these damages, however, is the fact that very often too heavy concentrated cargoes (not properly distributed over a wider surface area) are being loaded into the container and/or the use of forklift equipment for loading and unloading the cargo in the container that are too heavy.
This mishandling could potentially result in both the risk of damage to cargo and handling equipment but first and foremost in the threat of personal injuries on the part of the people involved in the process of (un)loading the containers.
The load/carrying capabilities of a container floor/under-structure are limited to the below:
Example: cargo weight is 10 tons, supporting length is 4m. Load per meter: 10/4 = 2.5 tons per meter.
Limitations for use of forklift trucks on wooden container floors
|Front axle load (forklift truck plus cargo)||max. 5.460kg|
|Contact area per tire||min. 142 cm²|
|Width of tire||min. 180 mm|
|Wheel spacing (on one axle)||min. 760 mm|
In order to avoid accidents which can result in personal injuries to personnel it is recommended to strictly adhere to the above mention limits during the loading and unloading process.
** SOURCE: The above excerpted information is from the UK P&I Club. UK P& I Loss Prevention Department addresses container floor load limits in their publications and website.